The repertoire of the density-regulated protein (DENR) and the malignant T cell-amplified sequence 1 (MCT-1/MCTS1) oncoprotein was recently expanded to include translational control of a specific set of cancer-related mRNAs. DENR and MCT-1 form the heterodimer, which binds to the ribosome and operates at both translation initiation and reinitiation steps, though by a mechanism that is yet unclear. Here, we determined the crystal structure of the human small ribosomal subunit in complex with DENR-MCT-1. The structure reveals the location of the DENR-MCT-1 dimer bound to the small ribosomal subunit. The binding site of the C-terminal domain of DENR on the ribosome has a striking similarity with those of canonical initiation factor 1 (eIF1), which controls the fidelity of translation initiation and scanning. Our findings elucidate how the DENR-MCT-1 dimer interacts with the ribosome and have functional implications for the mechanism of unconventional translation initiation and reinitiation.
Keywords: density regulated protein; malignant T cell-amplified sequence 1; protein synthesis; ribosome; translation initiation; translation reinitiation.
Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.