Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 2018 Jan;24(1):e1-e14.
doi: 10.1111/gcb.13829. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Marine Systems

Affiliations
Review

Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Marine Systems

Dana D Miller et al. Glob Chang Biol. .

Abstract

The world's oceans are highly impacted by climate change and other human pressures, with significant implications for marine ecosystems and the livelihoods that they support. Adaptation for both natural and human systems is increasingly important as a coping strategy due to the rate and scale of ongoing and potential future change. Here, we conduct a review of literature concerning specific case studies of adaptation in marine systems, and discuss associated characteristics and influencing factors, including drivers, strategy, timeline, costs, and limitations. We found ample evidence in the literature that shows that marine species are adapting to climate change through shifting distributions and timing of biological events, while evidence for adaptation through evolutionary processes is limited. For human systems, existing studies focus on frameworks and principles of adaptation planning, but examples of implemented adaptation actions and evaluation of outcomes are scarce. These findings highlight potentially useful strategies given specific social-ecological contexts, as well as key barriers and specific information gaps requiring further research and actions.

Keywords: adaptation; climate change; marine resource management; marine systems; ocean acidification; shifting distributions.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback