Reeducation of vergence dynamics improves postural control

Neurosci Lett. 2017 Aug 24;656:22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2017.07.025. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose was to investigate the effect of vergence reeducation on postural control, in subjects with isolated vergence disorders.

Material and methods: We studied the dynamics of vergence in 19 subjects (20-44 years old) using video-oculography (Eye See Cam). On the basis of orthoptic and symptomatology assessments, ten of the subjects were diagnosed for vergence disorders then vergence eye movements were reeducated with the REMOBI method (US8851669, 5 weekly sessions lasting for 35min). Postural control was measured before and after reeducation, postural recording was done in upright stance (Dynaport), with both eyes closed or open and looking a visual target located at 2m distance.

Results: After reeducation with REMOBI, the visual symptomatology faded away and the stereoacuity improved at least for some subjects; the vergence latency decreased significantly and the vergence accuracy increased significantly. In terms of posture, the Mean Power Frequency (MPF) of the body sway decreased significantly in both eyes open and eyes closed conditions. Considering all subjects together (i.e. healthy subjects and subjects with vergence disorders before the reeducation), the antero-posterior body sway (Root Mean Square A/P) was positively correlated with the visual symptomatology: the higher the visual symptomatology, the higher was the body sway.

Conclusion: The results bring evidence for synergy between the quality of vergence and the quality of postural control. They open a new research line that bridges the gap between neuroscience, ophthalmology-orthoptics and posturology.

Keywords: Convergence; Divergence; Dynamic; Postural control; Reeducation.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Convergence, Ocular*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postural Balance*
  • Strabismus / physiopathology
  • Strabismus / psychology
  • Strabismus / rehabilitation*