Biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave radiation: a review

Mil Med Res. 2017 Jul 20;4:24. doi: 10.1186/s40779-017-0133-6. eCollection 2017.

Abstract

With the increasing knowledge of shortwave radiation, it is widely used in wireless communications, radar observations, industrial manufacturing, and medical treatments. Despite of the benefits from shortwave, these wide applications expose humans to the risk of shortwave electromagnetic radiation, which is alleged to cause potential damage to biological systems. This review focused on the exposure to shortwave electromagnetic radiation, considering in vitro, in vivo and epidemiological results that have provided insight into the biological effects and mechanisms of shortwave. Additionally, some protective measures and suggestions are discussed here in the hope of obtaining more benefits from shortwave with fewer health risks.

Keywords: Biological effects; Electromagnetic radiation; Shortwave.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular System / radiation effects
  • Endocrine System / radiation effects
  • Genitalia / radiation effects
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / complications
  • Neoplasms / etiology
  • Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects
  • Radiation Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Radio Waves / adverse effects*
  • Radiofrequency Therapy