Patient-perceived acceptability and behaviour change benefits of inhaler reminders and adherence feedback: A qualitative study

Respir Med. 2017 Aug;129:39-45. doi: 10.1016/j.rmed.2017.05.013. Epub 2017 May 26.

Abstract

Introduction: Little is known about patients' perceptions of electronic inhaler reminders, which have emerged in recent years as adherence promotion aids. This study explored asthma patients' attitudes toward the acceptability and utility of inhaler reminders.

Methods: Participants from a 6-month cluster randomized controlled trial who received reminders for missed doses via SmartTrack adherence monitors (Adherium Ltd) were interviewed to explore their perceptions; interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analysed thematically.

Results: 18 participants (50% male, mean age 39 years [range 17-68]) were interviewed. Three themes were identified. Acceptability and Feasibility: Interviewees found the monitor easy to use. For some, concerns about the monitor itself affected adherence, e.g. leaving it at home to avoid breakage. Positive features included that reminders played only for missed doses, and the choice of reminder tunes. Utility and Behavioural Impact: Interviewees described reminders as an effective "training" tool for adherence, encouraging habit-formation, behaviour change and attitude change. Reminders were considered less acceptable or useful by participants who preferred taking medication only when symptomatic or who doubted the necessity or safety of their medication. Sustainability: Some interviewees reported sustained behaviour change, supported by reminders, through the establishment of routine or via experiential learning that good adherence improved their asthma. Other interviewees wanted ongoing support (i.e. reminders or substitute adherence cues) after study end.

Conclusion: Patients with asthma found 6-months' use of reminders and adherence feedback acceptable and useful for improving their adherence attitudes, adherence behaviours and confidence in asthma self-management. Some patients may benefit from ongoing adherence support.

Keywords: Ambulatory monitoring; Asthma; Behaviour change; Medication adherence; Patient satisfaction; Reinforcement.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medication Adherence / psychology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods
  • Nebulizers and Vaporizers / statistics & numerical data*
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Perception / physiology*
  • Qualitative Research
  • Reinforcement, Psychology
  • Reminder Systems / instrumentation*
  • Self-Management / psychology
  • Young Adult