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Review
. 2018 Jan;25:19-24.
doi: 10.1016/j.prrv.2017.06.012. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Treatment of Narcolepsy and Other Organic Hypersomnias in Children

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Review

Treatment of Narcolepsy and Other Organic Hypersomnias in Children

Suresh Kotagal. Paediatr Respir Rev. .

Abstract

The comprehensive management of chronic disorders such as hypersomnias of childhood requires combining life-style changes with rational pharmacotherapy that is based on treating the symptoms that are most bothersome, the age, comorbidities, and metabolic and endocrine status of the patient. The excessive sleepiness of narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia is best treated with dextroamphetamine or methylphenidate preparations or modafinil/armodafinil. Cataplexy treatment requires sodium oxybate, tricyclic agents, selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Sodium oxybate is approved only for adults, thus its use in children is only on an off-label basis. Dual therapy, with both anti-cataplectic and stimulant medications may be required, as is close monitoring for treatment-emergent side effects.

Keywords: Cataplexy; Idiopathic hypersomnia; Kleine Levin syndrome; Narcolepsy; Pharmacotherapy.

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