Cardiovascular Effects of Alcohol Consumption

Trends Cardiovasc Med. 2017 Nov;27(8):534-538. doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2017.06.002. Epub 2017 Jun 10.

Abstract

Alcohol consumption has a major but complex impact on cardiovascular diseases. Both irregular and chronic heavy drinking occasions detrimentally impact on most major cardiovascular disease categories, whereas light to moderate drinking has been associated with beneficial effects on ischemic heart disease and ischemic stroke. Both detrimental and beneficial effects of alcohol consumption have been corroborated by biochemical pathways. The impact of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular disease should be evaluated within the context of other effects of alcohol on health.

Keywords: Alcohol consumption; Atrial fibrillation and flutter; Cardiomyopathy; Drinking pattern; Hypertensive heart disease; Ischemic heart disease; Stroke.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / physiopathology
  • Alcohol-Related Disorders / prevention & control
  • Animals
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Cardiovascular System / physiopathology*
  • Habits
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Protective Factors
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors