Omega-3 Consumption During Pregnancy to Support Optimal Outcomes

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2018 May;47(3):429-437. doi: 10.1016/j.jogn.2017.06.004. Epub 2017 Jul 20.


Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA), including docosahexaenoic acid, are components of cellular membranes that affect biological functioning. Most pregnant women consume inadequate amounts of n-3 LCPUFA and inadequately convert linolenic acid into docosahexaenoic acid. The purpose of this article is to educate nursing professionals on the importance of n-3 LCPUFA consumption during pregnancy and highlight the critical role of nursing professionals in supporting optimal consumption for improved metabolic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory potential.

Keywords: docosahexaenoic acid; omega-3 fatty acid; pregnancy; prenatal recommendations.

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants / metabolism
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids* / metabolism
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids* / pharmacology
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3* / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3* / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Metabolism / physiology
  • Nursing Care / methods*
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*


  • Antioxidants
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids