Purpose: We evaluated the role of bevacizumab as part of the multi-modality treatment of children and adolescents with metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) or non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS).
Patients and methods: Eligible patients aged ≥6 months to <18 years were randomised to receive induction chemotherapy (four cycles of IVADo + five cycles of IVA, ±bevacizumab), surgery and/or radiotherapy, followed by maintenance chemotherapy (12 cycles of low-dose cyclophosphamide + vinorelbine, ±bevacizumab). The primary objective was event-free survival (EFS) evaluated by an independent radiological review committee.
Results: One hundred and fifty-four patients were randomised to receive chemotherapy alone (n = 80) or with bevacizumab (n = 74). At the data cut-off for the primary efficacy analysis, median EFS was 14.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 10.8-35.9) with chemotherapy and 20.6 months (95% CI: 15.2-24.9) with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (stratified hazard ratio [HR] = 0.93; 95% CI: 0.61-1.41; P = 0.72). The HR for EFS in patients with RMS (n = 103) was 1.24 (95% CI: 0.73-2.09) versus 0.64 (95% CI: 0.32-1.26) for those with NRSTS (n = 49). Objective response rate was 36.0% (95% CI: 25.2-47.9) with chemotherapy and 54.0% (95% CI: 40.9-66.6) with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (difference of 18.0%; 95% CI: 0.6-35.3). There were no treatment-related deaths and no increased incidence of grade 3/4 toxicities with bevacizumab.
Conclusion: The addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy appeared tolerable in children and adolescents with metastatic RMS/NRSTS, but the primary end-point of EFS did not show statistically significant improvement.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00643565.
Keywords: Bevacizumab; Metastatic soft tissue sarcoma; NRSTS; Paediatrics; RMS.
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