The role of miR-210, E2F3 and ephrin A3 in angiosarcoma cell proliferation

Eur J Dermatol. 2017 Oct 1;27(5):464-471. doi: 10.1684/ejd.2017.3084.


Background: Although angiosarcoma exhibits aggressive progression and is associated with unfavourable prognosis, its pathogenesis is poorly understood.

Objectives: In the present study, we investigated the possibility that microRNAs play a role in the pathogenesis of angiosarcoma.

Materials & methods: microRNA expression was evaluated by array analysis and real-time PCR, and protein expression was determined by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting.

Results: miR-210 expression was decreased in angiosarcoma cells both in vivo and in vitro. E2F3 and ephrin A3 are putative targets of miR-210, and their protein expression was up-regulated in the tumour cells. Knockdown of E2F3 or ephrin A3 resulted in a significant decrease in the number of angiosarcoma cells.

Conclusion: Further investigations into the regulatory mechanisms of oncogenesis associated with miR-210/E2F3/ephrin A3 signalling may lead to a new therapeutic approach against angiosarcoma.

Keywords: E2F3; angiosarcoma; ephrin A3; miR-210; microRNA; proliferation.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Down-Regulation
  • E2F3 Transcription Factor / genetics*
  • Ephrin-A3 / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Hemangiosarcoma / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • MicroRNAs / blood
  • MicroRNAs / genetics*
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tissue Array Analysis
  • Up-Regulation


  • E2F3 Transcription Factor
  • Ephrin-A3
  • MIRN210 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs