PALLD is an actin cross-linker supporting cellular mechanical tension. However, its involvement in the regulation of phagocytosis, a cellular activity essential for innate immunity and physiological tissue turnover, is unclear. We report that PALLD is highly induced along with all-trans-retinoic acid-induced maturation of myeloid leukemia cells, to promote Ig- or complement-opsonized phagocytosis. PALLD mechanistically facilitates phagocytic receptor clustering by regulating actin polymerization and c-Src dynamic activation during particle binding and early phagosome formation. PALLD is also required at the nascent phagosome to recruit phosphatase oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe, which regulates phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate hydrolysis and actin depolymerization to complete phagosome closure. Collectively, our results show a new function for PALLD as a crucial regulator of the early phase of phagocytosis by elaborating dynamic actin polymerization and depolymerization.
Copyright © 2017 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.