Strabismus-associated myopia. Review

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2017 Dec;92(12):585-593. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2017.06.007. Epub 2017 Jul 23.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction: The treatment of strabismus associated with myopia is often a therapeutic challenge for the ophthalmologist. The strabismus associated with myopia has certain peculiarities and there are even certain types of strabismus that occur exclusively in myopia, such as strabismus fixus, requiring treatments with specific surgical techniques.

Materials and methods: It is important to make a correct differential diagnosis, because there are many conditions described with this association. A review is presented of strabismus associated with myopia, together with its treatment adjusted to refractive error.

Results: Measurements of strabismus may be altered by the prismatic effect of the spectacles. Surgical results may be unpredictable if myopia is not taken into account. Better results were obtained with the techniques of anatomical replacement described by Yokoyama than with traditional retro-insertion-resection.

Conclusion: For the diagnosis and appropriate treatment of strabismus, it is important to make a correct measurement of the angle of deviation, and perform image tests prior to surgery in certain cases. The anatomical characteristics of the myopic eye should also be taken into account during surgery.

Keywords: Cirugía; Estrabismo; Estrabismo fijo; Exotropía intermitente; Intermittent exotropia; Miopía; Myopia; Oftalmología; Ophthalmology; Strabismus; Strabismus fixus; Surgery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Myopia / complications*
  • Strabismus / etiology*
  • Strabismus / surgery