Purpose: To create a model predictive of an individual's risk of developing a de novo multidrug-resistant (MDR) infection while in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Methods: This is a case-control study in which 189 ICU patients diagnosed with their first infection with an MDR organism were compared on the basis of demographic, past medical and clinical variables to randomly selected ICU patients without such an infection, era-matched in a 2:1 ratio. A prediction tool was derived using multivariate logistic regression.
Results: Five features remained predictive of developing an infection with a drug-resistant pathogen: hospitalization within a year [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.14], chronic hemodialysis (3.86), underlying oxygen-dependent pulmonary disease (1.86), endotracheal intubation within 24 h (2.46) and reason for ICU admission (respiratory failure 2.89, non-respiratory failure, non-shock presentation 1.85). Using a scoring system (0-7 points) based on the adjusted OR, risk categories were derived (low: 0-2 points, intermediate: 3-4 points and high risk: 5-7 points). The negative predictive value at a score cutoff of 2 is excellent (88.9%).
Conclusions: A clinical prediction rule comprised of five easily measured ICU variables reasonably discriminates between patients who will develop their first MDR infection versus those who will not.
Keywords: ICU; MRSA; antimicrobial stewardship; logistic model; multidrug-resistant infection; sepsis.
Conflict of interest statement
Conflict of interest statement: The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
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