Singlet oxygen is among the reactive oxygen species (ROS) with the shortest life-times in aqueous media because of its extremely high reactivity. Therefore, designing sensors for detection of 1 O2 is perhaps one of the most challenging tasks in the field of molecular probes. Herein, we report a highly selective and sensitive chemiluminescence probe (SOCL-CPP) for the detection of 1 O2 in living cells. The probe reacts with 1 O2 to form a dioxetane that spontaneously decomposes under physiological conditions through a chemiexcitation pathway to emit green light with extraordinary intensity. SOCL-CPP demonstrated promising ability to detect and image intracellular 1 O2 produced by a photosensitizer in HeLa cells during photodynamic therapy (PDT) mode of action. Our findings make SOCL-CPP the most effective known chemiluminescence probe for the detection of 1 O2 . We anticipate that our chemiluminescence probe for 1 O2 imaging would be useful in PDT-related applications and for monitoring 1 O2 endogenously generated by cells in response to different stimuli.
Keywords: chemiluminescence; dioxetanes; live-cell imaging; molecular probes; singlet oxygen.
© 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.