Lung cancer screening-low dose CT for lung cancer screening: recent trial results and next steps

Br J Radiol. 2018 Oct;91(1090):20170460. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20170460. Epub 2017 Oct 17.


Screening for lung cancer using low-dose CT has already been implemented in North America following the results of the National Lung Screening Trial. Outside North America, clinicians and researchers are addressing issues that may have a major impact on the success of screening programmes by reviewing results of existing trials and by designing new research and pilot programmes. This review summarizes the work that has been done to try to answer the remaining questions and highlights potential barriers which may affect screening uptake and cost-effectiveness.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Early Detection of Cancer / methods*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiologists / supply & distribution
  • Risk Assessment
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Solitary Pulmonary Nodule / diagnostic imaging
  • Solitary Pulmonary Nodule / epidemiology
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • United States / epidemiology