Identification of appropriate QTc formula in beagle dogs for nonclinical safety assessment

Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2017 Oct:89:118-124. doi: 10.1016/j.yrtph.2017.07.026. Epub 2017 Jul 25.


A number of drugs belonging to different therapeutic classes cause increase in QT interval duration, and this change has been associated with ventricular arrhythmias. Investigation of changes in QT intervals in toxicity studies in dogs is therefore of potential value. Estimation of a direct effect of drugs on the duration of the QT interval can be confused by drug-induced increases in heart rate. The objective of this evaluation was to identify an appropriate correction formula by comparing different formulae that could appropriately correct changes in QT interval in conscious beagle dogs in toxicology studies. Most commonly used QTc (QT correction) formulae are derived from human observations, like Bazett's formula and thus are not applicable for other species like dogs, where the normal values of heart rate is higher compared to humans. Using our historical data, we have established and compared different correction formulas and found that Van de Water's formula is the most appropriate for dog under conditions stated. However, there is no universally accepted formula for QTc calculation in dogs, and hence each organization should have its own formula, based on the analysis of data obtained from the strain used in its own experimental conditions.

Keywords: Beagle dogs; Electrocardiogram; Heart rate; Preclinical assessment; QT correction formula.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Electrocardiography / methods*
  • Heart Rate / drug effects*
  • Heart Rate / physiology
  • Humans
  • Safety
  • Species Specificity
  • Toxicity Tests / methods*