Background: Prehabilitation proposes that broad health interventions at the time of decision for surgery will improve the patient's starting functional status and therefore recovery.
Methods: The impact of preoperative exercise, preoperative nutrition, smoking cessation, alcohol cessation, anemia, and psychological support were reviewed.
Results: Interventions to improve the patient's underlying health typically improve recovery, although the duration and intensity necessary for meaningful surgical recovery benefit need further study.
Conclusions: Preoperative health interventions may improve recovery in the postoperative period and patient health years later.
Keywords: enhanced recovery after surgery; exercise; nutrition; perioperative surgical home; prehabilitation; smoking.