Urology Residency Training in Italy: Results of the First National Survey

Eur Urol Focus. 2018 Mar;4(2):280-287. doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2016.06.006. Epub 2016 Jun 21.


Background: Numerous surveys have been performed to determine the competence and the confidence of residents. However, there is no data available on the condition of Italian residents in urology.

Objective: To investigate the status of training among Italian residents in urology regarding scientific activity and surgical exposure.

Design, setting, and participants: A web-based survey that included 445 residents from all of the 25 Italian Residency Programmes was conducted between September 2015 and November 2015.

Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: The main outcomes were represented by scientific activity, involvement in surgical procedures, and overall satisfaction.

Results and limitations: In total, 324 out of 445 (72.8%) residents completed the survey. Overall, 104 (32%) residents had not published any scientific manuscripts, 148 (46%) published ≤5, 38 (12%) ≤10, 26 (8%) ≤15, four (1%) ≤20, and four (1%) >20 manuscripts, respectively. We did not observe any differences when residents were stratified by sex (p=0.5). Stent positioning (45.7%), extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (30.9%), transurethral resection of bladder tumor (33.0%), hydrocelectomy (24.7%), varicocelectomy (17%), ureterolithotripsy (14.5%), and orchiectomy (12.3%) were the surgical procedures more frequently performed by residents. Overall, 272 residents (84%) expressed a good satisfaction for urology specialty, while 178 (54.9%) expressed a good satisfaction for their own residency programme. We observed a statistically decreased trend for good satisfaction for urology specialty according to the postgraduate year (p=0.02).

Conclusions: Italian Urology Residency Programmes feature some heavy limitations regarding scientific activity and surgical exposure. Nonetheless, satisfaction rate for urology specialty remains high. Further improvements in Residency Programmes should be made in order to align our schools to others that are actually more challenging.

Patient summary: In this web-based survey, Italian residents in urology showed limited scientific productivity and low involvement in surgical procedures. Satisfaction for urology specialty remains high, demonstrating continuous interest in this field of study from residents.

Keywords: Education; Residents; Survey; Urology.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence / statistics & numerical data
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy / methods
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency / standards*
  • Internship and Residency / statistics & numerical data
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Stents / standards
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Urologic Surgical Procedures / education*
  • Urology / education*