In the phase II IM103-100 study, kidney transplant recipients were first randomized to belatacept more-intensive-based (n = 74), belatacept less-intensive-based (n = 71), or cyclosporine-based (n = 73) immunosuppression. At 3-6 months posttransplant, belatacept-treated patients were re-randomized to receive belatacept every 4 weeks (4-weekly, n = 62) or every 8 weeks (8-weekly, n = 60). Patients initially randomized to cyclosporine continued to receive cyclosporine-based immunosuppression. Cumulative rates of biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) from first randomization to year 10 were 22.8%, 37.0%, and 25.8% for belatacept more-intensive, belatacept less-intensive, and cyclosporine, respectively (belatacept more-intensive vs cyclosporine: hazard ratio [HR] = 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-1.92; P = .89; belatacept less-intensive vs cyclosporine: HR = 1.61; 95% CI 0.85-3.05; P = .15). Cumulative BPAR rates from second randomization to year 10 for belatacept 4-weekly, belatacept 8-weekly, and cyclosporine were 11.1%, 21.9%, and 13.9%, respectively (belatacept 4-weekly vs cyclosporine: HR = 1.06, 95% CI 0.35-3.17, P = .92; belatacept 8-weekly vs cyclosporine: HR = 2.00, 95% CI 0.75-5.35, P = .17). Renal function trends were estimated using a repeated-measures model. Estimated mean GFR values at year 10 for belatacept 4-weekly, belatacept 8-weekly, and cyclosporine were 67.0, 68.7, and 42.7 mL/min per 1.73 m2 , respectively (P<.001 for overall treatment effect). Although not statistically significant, rates of BPAR were 2-fold higher in patients administered belatacept every 8 weeks vs every 4 weeks.
Keywords: clinical research/practice; clinical trial; glomerular filtration rate (GFR); immunosuppressant - fusion proteins and monoclonal antibodies: belatacept; kidney (allograft) function/dysfunction; kidney transplantation/nephrology; kidney transplantation: living donor.
© 2017 The Authors American Journal of Transplantation published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.