Background: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of tafamidis in treating hereditary transthyretin amyloid polyneuropathy.
Methods: A prospectively planned interim analysis was conducted on an on-going, phase III, open-label extension study following an 18-month, randomized, controlled study and 12-month, open-label extension study in ATTRV30M patients and a single-arm, open-label study in non-ATTRV30M patients. Thirty-seven ATTRV30M patients received placebo for 18 months, then switched to tafamidis and 38 ATTRV30M patients and 18 non-ATTRV30M patients continuously received tafamidis from day 1, up to 6 years.
Results: Long-term tafamidis was associated with a favourable safety/tolerability profile, without any unexpected adverse events. Patients initiating tafamidis at the start of the randomized study had less polyneuropathy progression versus those switching to tafamidis following 18 months of placebo and were less likely to progress to the next ambulatory stage after up to 6 years follow-up. In the patients who switched from placebo to tafamidis, polyneuropathy progression and deterioration in quality of life slowed significantly during long-term tafamidis treatment as compared with the previous placebo treatment. In non-ATTRV30M patients, some polyneuropathy progression was observed across all efficacy measures.
Conclusions: These data provide evidence for the long-term (up to 6 years) safety and efficacy of tafamidis.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00925002.
Keywords: ATTRV30M; Amyloidosis; disease-modifying drug; non-ATTRV30M.