Synthetic Talc and Talc-Like Structures: Preparation, Features and Applications

Chemistry. 2018 Jan 12;24(3):519-542. doi: 10.1002/chem.201702763. Epub 2017 Oct 18.


This contribution gives a comprehensive review about the progress in preparation methods, properties and applications of the different synthetic talc types: i) crystalline nanotalc synthesized by hydrothermal treatment; ii) amorphous and/or short-range order nanotalc obtained by precipitation, and iii) organic-inorganic hybrid talc-like structures obtained through a sol-gel process or a chemical grafting. Several advantages of nanotalc such as high chemical purity, high surface area, tunable submicronic size, high thermal stability, and hydrophilic character (leading to be the first fluid mineral) are emphasized. Synthetic nanotalc applications are also considered including its use as nanofiller in composite materials, as absorbers of organic compounds, as anticorrosion coatings and as agents for cosmetic applications. Regarding their high industrial application potential, intensive research has been carried out to better understand their behavior and develop processes to produce them. To facilitate further research and development, scientific and technical challenges are discussed in this Review article.

Keywords: nanotalc; organotalc; phyllosilicate; supercritical water; synthetic talc.

Publication types

  • Review