Performance of a New Al₂O₃/Ce-TZP Ceramic Nanocomposite Dental Implant: A Pilot Study in Dogs

Materials (Basel). 2017 Jun 3;10(6):614. doi: 10.3390/ma10060614.

Abstract

Although titanium remains as the prevalent material in dental implant manufacturing new zirconia-based materials that overcome the major drawbacks of the standard 3Y-yttria partially-stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP) are now emerging. In this study, a new ceramic nanocomposite made of alumina and ceria-stabilized TZP (ZCe-A) has been used to produce dental implants with the mechanic and topographic characteristics of a pilot implant design to evaluate bone and soft tissue integration in a dog model (n = 5). Histological cross-section analysis of the implanted ceramic fixations (n = 15) showed not only perfect biocompatibility, but also a high rate of osseous integration (defined as the percentage of bone to implant contact) and soft tissue attachment. This clinical success, in combination with the superior mechanical properties achieved by this Al₂O₃/Ce-TZP nanocomposite, may place this material as an improved alternative of traditional 3Y-TZP dental implants.

Keywords: Al-TZP; Ce-TZP; ceramic implant; in vivo study; nanocomposite; zirconia implants.