Corrosion and Tribology of Materials Used in a Novel Reverse Hip Replacement

Materials (Basel). 2017 Jul 5;10(7):751. doi: 10.3390/ma10070751.


Total hip arthroplasty has been utilized for the past 50 years as an effective treatment for degenerative, inflammatory and traumatic disorders of the hip. The design of these implants has generally followed the anatomy of the hip as a ball and socket joint with the femoral head representing the ball and the acetabulum representing the socket. We describe a novel hip arthroplasty design in which the "ball" is located on the acetabular side and the "socket" is located on the femoral side. The results of extensive biomechanical testing are described and document wear and corrosion characteristics that are at least equivalent to standard designs. These results support clinical assessment as the next step of the evaluation.

Keywords: corrosion; hip arthroplasty; reverse design; wear debris.