Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures

Materials (Basel). 2016 May 27;9(6):417. doi: 10.3390/ma9060417.


Rare earth metals are used in semiconductors, solar cells and catalysts. This review focuses on the background of oxide metallurgy technologies, the chemical and physical properties of rare earth (RE) metals, the background of oxide metallurgy, the functions of RE metals in steelmaking, and the influences of RE metals on steel microstructures. Future prospects for RE metal applications in steelmaking are also presented.

Keywords: microstructure; rare earth metals; steel.

Publication types

  • Review