Contaminant involvement in the pathophysiology of obesity is widely recognized. It has been shown that low dose and chronic exposure to endocrine disruptor compounds (EDCs) potentiated diet- induced obesity. High and acute exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), a persistent organic pollutant (POP) and an EDC with anti-estrogenic property, causes wasting syndrome . However at lower doses, the TCDD metabolic effects remain poorly understood. We investigated the obesogenic effect during chronic exposure of TCDD at 1μg/kg body weight (bw)/week in adult C57BL/6J mice fed with a high fat diet (HFD) and exposed from 10 to 42 weeks old to TCDD or equal volume of vehicle by intragastric gavage. Under these conditions, TCDD was obesogenic in adult mice (7% in males and 8% in females), which was linked to fat mass. A sex effect was observed in the fat mass distribution in adipose tissue and in the hepatic triglyceride content evolution. In visceral fat pad weight, we observed a decrease (11%) in males and an increase (14%) in females. The hepatic triglyceride content increase (41%) in females only. TCDD failed to induce any change in plasma parameters regarding glucose and lipid homeostasis. Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels involved in adipose tissue and hepatic metabolism, inflammation, xenobiotic metabolism and endocrine disruption were differently regulated between males and females. In conclusion, these results provide new evidence that dioxin, a POP and EDC can be obesogenic for adult mice with multi-organ effects.
Keywords: Chronic exposure; Obesogen; TCDD.
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