Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain ASP-53, isolated from a petroleum oil-contaminated soil sample, was found to be an efficient degrader of pyrene. PCR amplification of selected hydrocarbon catabolic genes (alkB gene, which encodes for monooxygenase, and the C12O, C23O, and PAH-RHDα genes encoding for the dioxygenase enzyme) from the genomic DNA of P. aeruginosa strain ASP-53 suggested its hydrocarbon degradation potential. The GC-MS analysis demonstrated 30.1% pyrene degradation by P. aeruginosa strain ASP-53 after 144h of incubation at pH6.5, 37°C. Expressions of 115 and 196 intracellular proteins were unambiguously identified and quantitated by shotgun proteomics analysis when the isolate was grown in medium containing pyrene and glucose, respectively. The pyrene-induced uniquely expressed and up-regulated proteins in P. aeruginosa strain ASP-53 in addition to substrate (pyrene) metabolism are also likely to be associated with different cellular functions for example-related to protein folding (molecular chaperone), stress response, metabolism of carbohydrate, proteins and amino acids, and fatty acids; transport of metabolites, energy generation such as ATP synthesis, electron transport and nitrate assimilation, and other oxidation-reduction reactions. Proteomic analyses identified some important enzymes involved in pyrene degradation by P. aeruginosa ASP-53 which shows that this bacterium follows the salicylate pathway of pyrene degradation.
Significance: This study is the first report on proteomic analysis of pyrene biodegradation pathway by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, isolated from a petroleum-oil contaminated soil sample. The pathway displays partial similarity with deduced pyrene degradation mechanisms of Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-1. The GC-MS analysis as well as PCR amplification of hydrocarbon catabolic genes substantiated the potency of the bacterium under study to effectively degrade high molecular weight, toxic PAH such as pyrene for its filed scale bioremediation experiments. The proteomics approach (LC-MS/MS analysis) identified the differentially regulated intracellular proteins of the isolate P. aeruginosa ASP-53 when grown in pyrene medium. This study identified some important pyrene biodegradation enzymes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa ASP-53 and highlights that the bacterium follows salicylate pathway for pyrene degradation.
Keywords: ESI-LC-MS/MS; PAH biodegradation; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Pyrene; Shotgun proteomics.
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.