Transjugular Liver Biopsy in a Multiple Myeloma Patient with Hepatomegaly, Portal Hypertension and "Miliary" Liver Lesions: A Case Report

J Gastrointest Dig Syst. 2016 Feb;6(1):390. doi: 10.4172/2161-069X.1000390. Epub 2016 Feb 10.


The present report describes a 50-year-old female recently diagnosed with multiple myeloma who presented with hepatosplenomegaly, miliary-type hyper enhancing liver tumors, and esophageal varices. We performed a transjugular liver biopsy when liver biopsy was requested to evaluate the miliary-type liver lesions. This was done to lower the risk of bleeding given the patient's anemia and probable portal hypertension. This approach was successful in safely providing diagnostic samples for surgical pathology and flow cytometry to assess the nature of focal miliary liver lesions. It also proved portal hypertension.

Keywords: Liver biopsy; Multiple myeloma; Transjugular liver biopsy.