A survey on deep learning in medical image analysis

Med Image Anal. 2017 Dec:42:60-88. doi: 10.1016/j.media.2017.07.005. Epub 2017 Jul 26.


Deep learning algorithms, in particular convolutional networks, have rapidly become a methodology of choice for analyzing medical images. This paper reviews the major deep learning concepts pertinent to medical image analysis and summarizes over 300 contributions to the field, most of which appeared in the last year. We survey the use of deep learning for image classification, object detection, segmentation, registration, and other tasks. Concise overviews are provided of studies per application area: neuro, retinal, pulmonary, digital pathology, breast, cardiac, abdominal, musculoskeletal. We end with a summary of the current state-of-the-art, a critical discussion of open challenges and directions for future research.

Keywords: Convolutional neural networks; Deep learning; Medical imaging; Survey.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Diagnostic Imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Machine Learning*
  • Neural Networks, Computer*