Recommendations of the Spanish Menopause Society on the consumption of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids by postmenopausal women

Maturitas. 2017 Sep:103:71-77. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2017.06.028. Epub 2017 Jun 24.


The consumption of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCO3-PUFAs) has shown a great variety of beneficial effects, including cardiovascular, metabolic and inflammatory effects, which make them interesting for the postmenopausal woman. Because LCO3-PUFAs could be effective and safe during this period, a panel of experts from the Spanish Menopause Society met to establish a set of recommendations for their use in postmenopausal women based on the best available evidence. The decrease in triglycerides is the most consistent effect observed with LCO3-PUFAs (at doses greater than 3g/day). In addition, LCO3-PUFAs have antiarrhythmic effects, reduce blood pressure, improve depressive and psychotic symptoms, and do not increase the risk of cancer. However, further studies are needed to confirm the benefit of LCO3-PUFAs in the relief of menopause symptoms and osteoporosis.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; Menopause; Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Depression / drug therapy
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Postmenopause* / blood
  • Psychotic Disorders / drug therapy
  • Risk
  • Societies, Medical
  • Triglycerides / blood


  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Triglycerides