Ethical Considerations of Patient-Funded Research for Multiple Sclerosis Therapeutics

Neurotherapeutics. 2017 Oct;14(4):945-951. doi: 10.1007/s13311-017-0560-9.


Patient-funded research has started to emerge in multiple sclerosis studies, such as low-dose naltrexone and stem-cell therapy. While these represent greater opportunities for the physician, scientist, and patient, ethical concerns concerning protocol review, conflict of interests, and protection of subjects are reviewed.

Keywords: Ethics; Multiple sclerosis; Patient-funded research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Multiple Sclerosis / economics
  • Multiple Sclerosis / therapy*
  • Patient Participation*
  • Translational Research, Biomedical / economics*
  • Translational Research, Biomedical / ethics*