Although bisphenol A (BPA) is commonly recognized as an endocrine disruptor, the metabolic consequences of its exposure are still poorly understood. In this study, we present a non-targeted LC-MS based metabolomic analysis in combination with a full-genome, high-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) to reveal the metabolic effects and the subjacent regulatory pathways of exposing zebrafish embryos to BPA during the first 120 hours post-fertilization. We applied multivariate data analysis methods to extract biochemical information from the LC-MS and RNA-Seq complex datasets and to perform testable predictions of the phenotypic adverse effects. Metabolomic and transcriptomic data revealed a similar subset of altered pathways, despite the large difference in the number of identified biomarkers (around 50 metabolites and more than 1000 genes). These results suggest that even a moderate coverage of zebrafish metabolome may be representative of the global metabolic changes. These multi-omic responses indicate a specific metabolic disruption by BPA affecting different signaling pathways, such as retinoid and prostaglandin metabolism. The combination of transcriptomic and metabolomic data allowed a dynamic interpretation of the results that could not be drawn from either single dataset. These results illustrate the utility of -omic integrative analyses for characterizing the physiological effects of toxicants beyond the mere indication of the affected pathways.
Keywords: Bisphenol A; Metabolic disruption; Non-targeted metabolomics; Transcriptomics; Zebrafish.
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