Mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation impairs female reproduction in mice, Mus musculus, through stress induced inhibition of ovarian and uterine activity

Reprod Toxicol. 2017 Oct;73:41-60. doi: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2017.08.001. Epub 2017 Aug 2.


Present study investigated the long-term effects of mobile phone (1800MHz) radiation in stand-by, dialing and receiving modes on the female reproductive function (ovarian and uterine histo-architecture, and steroidogenesis) and stress responses (oxidative and nitrosative stress). We observed that mobile phone radiation induces significant elevation in ROS, NO, lipid peroxidation, total carbonyl content and serum corticosterone coupled with significant decrease in antioxidant enzymes in hypothalamus, ovary and uterus of mice. Compared to control group, exposed mice exhibited reduced number of developing and mature follicles as well as corpus lutea. Significantly decreased serum levels of pituitary gonadotrophins (LH, FSH), sex steroids (E2 and P4) and expression of SF-1, StAR, P-450scc, 3β-HSD, 17β-HSD, cytochrome P-450 aromatase, ER-α and ER-β were observed in all the exposed groups of mice, compared to control. These findings suggest that mobile phone radiation induces oxidative and nitrosative stress, which affects the reproductive performance of female mice.

Keywords: Antioxidant enzymes; Estrogen receptors; Female reproduction; Mobile phone radiation; Oxidative & nitrosative stress; Steroidogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Phone*
  • Corticosterone / blood
  • Electromagnetic Radiation*
  • Estradiol / blood
  • Female
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases / metabolism
  • Hypothalamus / metabolism
  • Luteinizing Hormone / blood
  • Mice
  • Nitrates / metabolism
  • Nitrites / metabolism
  • Ovary* / metabolism
  • Ovary* / pathology
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Progesterone / blood
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Reproduction*
  • Uterus* / metabolism
  • Uterus* / pathology


  • Nitrates
  • Nitrites
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Progesterone
  • Estradiol
  • Luteinizing Hormone
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone
  • Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
  • Corticosterone