Endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a rare but potentially devastating complication. There is great variability in endophthalmitis prophylaxis practice patterns worldwide. Treatment varies globally and is based on the microbiological profile and availability of formulations. Periocular povidone-iodine antisepsis is universally adopted and considered the standard of care in most practices. Perioperative topical antibiotics are also very popular despite the lack of level 1 evidence confirming efficacy. Based on growing observational evidence, routine intracameral antibiotic prophylaxis is increasing, especially where approved commercial intraocular preparations are available. This review updates recent trends and evidence regarding endophthalmitis prophylaxis and the preferred choice of intracameral antibiotics.
Keywords: endophthalmitis prophylaxis; intracameral antibiotic prophylaxis; perioperative antibiotics; povidone-iodine.
Copyright 2017 Asia-Pacific Academy of Ophthalmology.