Neutropenic infections are life-threatening and require empiric antibiotic treatment. We examined 1139 blood culture isolates from our institution over a 36-year period from neutropenic patients to examine temporal trends and disease associations. Positive associations were found between viridans streptococci and acute myeloid leukaemia, coagulase negative staphylococci and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and indolent B-cell malignancies.
Keywords: bacteraemia; blood culture; epidemiology; neutropenic fever.
© 2017 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.