Effect of Intensive Versus Standard Blood Pressure Treatment According to Baseline Prediabetes Status: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Trial

Diabetes Care. 2017 Aug 9;40(10):1401-1408. doi: 10.2337/dc17-0885. Online ahead of print.


Objective: To determine whether the effects of intensive (<120 mmHg) compared with standard (<140 mmHg) systolic blood pressure (SBP) treatment are different among those with prediabetes versus those with fasting normoglycemia at baseline in the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT).

Research design and methods: This was a post hoc analysis of SPRINT. SPRINT participants were categorized by prediabetes status, defined as baseline fasting serum glucose ≥100 mg/dL versus those with normoglycemia (fasting serum glucose <100 mg/dL). The primary outcome was a composite of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome not resulting in myocardial infarction, stroke, acute decompensated heart failure, or death from cardiovascular causes. Cox regression was used to calculate hazard ratios for study outcomes with intensive compared with standard SBP treatment among those with prediabetes and normoglycemia.

Results: Among 9,361 participants randomized (age 67.9 ± 9.4 years; 35.5% female), 3,898 and 5,425 had baseline prediabetes and normoglycemia, respectively. After a median follow-up of 3.26 years, the hazard ratio for the primary outcome was 0.69 (95% CI 0.53, 0.89) and 0.83 (95% CI 0.66, 1.03) among those with prediabetes and normoglycemia, respectively (P value for interaction 0.30). For all-cause mortality, the hazard ratio with intensive SBP treatment was 0.77 (95% CI 0.55, 1.06) for prediabetes and 0.71 (95% CI 0.54, 0.94) for normoglycemia (P value for interaction 0.74). Effects of intensive versus standard SBP treatment on prespecified renal outcomes and serious adverse events were similar for prediabetes and normoglycemia (all interaction P > 0.05).

Conclusions: In SPRINT, the beneficial effects of intensive SBP treatment were similar among those with prediabetes and fasting normoglycemia.