Localization of beta and high-frequency oscillations within the subthalamic nucleus region

Neuroimage Clin. 2017 Jul 24;16:175-183. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2017.07.018. eCollection 2017.

Abstract

Parkinsonian bradykinesia and rigidity are typically associated with excessive beta band oscillations in the subthalamic nucleus. Recently another spectral peak has been identified that might be implicated in the pathophysiology of the disease: high-frequency oscillations (HFO) within the 150-400 Hz range. Beta-HFO phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) has been found to correlate with severity of motor impairment. However, the neuronal origin of HFO and its usefulness as a potential target for deep brain stimulation remain to be established. For example, it is unclear whether HFO arise from the same neural populations as beta oscillations. We intraoperatively recorded local field potentials from the subthalamic nucleus while advancing DBS electrodes in 2 mm steps from 4 mm above the surgical target point until 2 mm below, resulting in 4 recording sites. Data from 26 nuclei from 14 patients were analysed. For each trajectory, we identified the recording site with the largest spectral peak in the beta range (13-30 Hz), and the largest peak in the HFO range separately. In addition, we identified the recording site with the largest beta-HFO PAC. Recording sites with largest beta power and largest HFO power coincided in 50% of cases. In the other 50%, HFO was more likely to be detected at a more superior recording site in the target area. PAC followed more closely the site with largest HFO (45%) than beta power (27%). HFO are likely to arise from spatially close, but slightly more superior neural populations than beta oscillations. Further work is necessary to determine whether the different activities can help fine-tune deep brain stimulation targeting.

Keywords: Basal ganglia; Cross-frequency coupling; Electrophysiology; Motor system; Oscillations; Parkinson's disease.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Beta Rhythm*
  • Brain Waves
  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease / physiopathology*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Subthalamic Nucleus / physiopathology*