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, 14, 175-185
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Quantitative Exploration of Factors Influencing Psychotic Disorder Ailments in Nigeria

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Quantitative Exploration of Factors Influencing Psychotic Disorder Ailments in Nigeria

Adebowale O Adejumo et al. Data Brief.

Abstract

In this data article, records on demographic data, family problem issues, as well as results of medical tests from five major classes of psychotic disorder namely: bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction; insomnia; and schizophrenia, were collected on 500 psychotic patients carefully selected from the pool of medical records of Yaba Psychiatric Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, for the period of 5 years, between January 2010 and December 2014, were examined. X-squared Statistic was used to examine each of psychotic disorders to identify demographic (age, gender, religion, marital status, and occupation) and family issues (loss of parent, history of such ailment in the family (family status), divorce, head injury, and heredity of such ailment (genetic) factors that influence them. A clear description on each of these psychotic disorders (bipolar; vascular dementia, minimal brain dysfunction (MBD), insomnia and Schizophrenia) was considered separately using tables and bar diagrams. Data analysis results are as follows: firstly, 40.2%, of the 500 psychotic patients tested positive to bipolar, 40.6% to insomnia, 75.0% to schizophrenia, 43.6% to MBD and 69.2% to vascular dementia. Secondly, female patients were more prone to all the psychotic indicators than their male counterpart except in MBD. Thirdly, the oldest age group (> 60 years) is more prone to bipolar and insomnia ailments, while the mid age group (30 - 60 years) is prone to schizophrenia and vascular dementia, and the youngest group (< 30 years) is prone to MBD. Lastly, the factors that influence the ailments are listed: bipolar (age, occupation, marital status, divorce, and spiritual consultation); insomnia (age, occupation, marital status, divorce, and spiritual consultation); schizophrenia (age, occupation, religion, marital status, hereditary, and divorce); MBD (gender, age, occupation, and marital status); and vascular dementia (history of the ailment and spiritual consultation). Bipolar and insomnia are influenced by the same set of factors, which implies that any patient having one is most likely to be at risk of having the other.

Keywords: Binary logistic regression; Bipolar; Minimal brain dysfunction, insomnia, schizophrenia; Psychotic disorder; Vascular dementia; X-squared statistic.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Histogram of age distribution of psychotic disorder patients in Yaba psychiatry hospital between 2010 and 2014.
Fig. 2:
Fig. 2
Bar diagram for gender and Insomnia.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Bar diagram for age-group and schizophrenia.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4
Bar diagram for occupation and MBD.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5
Bar diagram for religion and bipolar.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6
Bar diagram for marital status and vascular dementia.

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