Robotic technology has been utilized in cardiovascular medicine for over a decade, and over that period, its use has been expanded to percutaneous coronary and peripheral vascular interventions. The safety and feasibility of robotically assisted percutaneous cardiovascular interventions has been demonstrated in studies including simple to complex coronary lesions, and both iliac and femoropopliteal lesions. These reports have shown that robotically assisted PCI significantly reduces operator exposure to harmful ionizing radiation without a detrimental effect on procedural success or clinical efficacy. Additionally, the use of robotics has the intuitive benefit of alleviating the risk of orthopedic injuries faced by interventional operators. In addition to the interventional operator benefits, robotically assisted intervention has the potential for patient level benefit by allowing more accurate lesion length measurement, precise stent placement, and lower patient radiation exposure. However, further investigation is required to fully elucidate these potential benefits.
Keywords: PCI; occupational hazard; peripheral intervention; robotic.
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