Objectives: To evaluate the impact of the angles quantified by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) between the ascending aorta's long axis and, the left ventricular inflow long axis (LVLA), or the left ventricule outflow tract long axis, and the occurrence of post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) aortic regurgitation (AR).
Methods: We prospectively included 136 consecutive patients who underwent a transfemoral TAVR with a preoperative MDCT. The groups were defined according to AR <2 or ≥2 assessed by echocardiography at 1 month.
Results: AR ≥2 identified in 21 patients (15.4%), was associated with increased rates of mortality (p value 0.02) and heart failure (p value 0.001) at 1-year follow-up. The aorta-LVLA angle was significantly higher in patients with AR ≥2 (130.5° ± 8.8° vs. 124.6° ± 9.5°; p = 0.009). On univariate analysis, aorta-LVLA angle was predictive of AR ≥2 [OR 1.07 per degree (1.02-1.13); p = 0.011]. After adjustment on annular calcification extent, the percentage of prosthesis-annular mismatch and the type of prosthesis, the relationship between aorta-LVLA angle and the risk of AR ≥2 remained unchanged.
Conclusions: We showed that increased angulation between the ascending aorta and the LVLA is associated with higher rates of AR post-TAVR independent of other potential correlates.
Keywords: Angulation; Aortic regurgitation; Aortic valve implantation; Computed tomography; Mortality.