Autophagosomal membranes are emerging as platforms for various cell survival and death signaling networks beyond autophagy. While autophagy-dependent cell death has been reported in response to a variety of stimuli, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain far from clear. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of autophagosome completion by Atg2A/B deletion accumulates immature autophagosomal membranes that promote non-canonical caspase-8 activation in response to nutrient starvation via an intracellular death-inducing signaling complex (iDISC). Importantly, iDISC-induced caspase-8 dimerization and activation occurs on accumulated autophagosomal membranes and requires the LC3 conjugation machinery but is independent from the extrinsic pathway of apoptosis. Moreover, we have identified NF-κB signaling and c-FLIP as negative regulators of iDISC-mediated caspase-8 activation and apoptosis. Collectively, these findings reveal autophagosomal membrane completion as a novel target to switch cytoprotective autophagy to apoptosis.