Simultaneous Targeting of Two Distinct Epitopes on MET Effectively Inhibits MET- and HGF-Driven Tumor Growth by Multiple Mechanisms

Mol Cancer Ther. 2017 Dec;16(12):2780-2791. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-0374. Epub 2017 Aug 11.


Increased MET activity is linked with poor prognosis and outcome in several human cancers currently lacking targeted therapies. Here, we report on the characterization of Sym015, an antibody mixture composed of two humanized IgG1 antibodies against nonoverlapping epitopes of MET. Sym015 was selected by high-throughput screening searching for antibody mixtures with superior growth-inhibitory activity against MET-dependent cell lines. Synergistic inhibitory activity of the antibodies comprising Sym015 was observed in several cancer cell lines harboring amplified MET locus and was confirmed in vivo Sym015 was found to exert its activity via multiple mechanisms. It disrupted interaction of MET with the HGF ligand and prompted activity-independent internalization and degradation of the receptor. In addition, Sym015 induced high levels of CDC and ADCC in vitro The importance of these effector functions was confirmed in vivo using an Fc-effector function-attenuated version of Sym015. The enhanced effect of the two antibodies in Sym015 on both MET degradation and CDC and ADCC is predicted to render Sym015 superior to single antibodies targeting MET. Our results demonstrate strong potential for use of Sym015 as a therapeutic antibody mixture for treatment of MET-driven tumors. Sym015 is currently being tested in a phase I dose escalation clinical trial (NCT02648724). Mol Cancer Ther; 16(12); 2780-91. ©2017 AACR.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Epitopes / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


  • Epitopes
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met

Associated data