Sleep quality and communication aspects in children

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2017 Sep:100:57-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.06.028. Epub 2017 Jun 27.


Objectives: To correlate quality of life of children in terms of sleep, with their oral language skills, auditory processing and orofacial myofunctional aspects.

Methods: Nineteen children (12 males and seven females, in the mean age 9.26) undergoing otorhinolaryngological and speech evaluations participated in this study. The OSA-18 questionnaire was applied, followed by verbal and nonverbal sequential memory tests, dichotic digit test, nonverbal dichotic test and Sustained Auditory Attention Ability Test, related to auditory processing. The Phonological Awareness Profile test, Rapid Automatized Naming and Phonological Working Memory were used for assessment of the phonological processing. Language was assessed by the ABFW Child Language Test, analyzing the phonological and lexical levels. Orofacial myofunctional aspects were evaluated through the MBGR Protocol. Statistical tests used: the Mann-Whitney Test, Fisher's exact test and Spearman Correlation.

Results: Relating the performance of children in all evaluations to the results obtained in the OSA-18, there was a statistically significant correlation in the phonological working memory for backward digits (p = 0.04); as well as in the breathing item (p = 0.03), posture of the mandible (p = 0.03) and mobility of lips (p = 0.04).

Conclusion: A correlation was seen between the sleep quality of life and the skills related to the phonological processing, specifically in the phonological working memory in backward digits, and related to orofacial myofunctional aspects.

Keywords: Hearing; Language development disorders; Sleep; Speech-language pathology; Stomatognathic system.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child Language*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Communication
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Development Disorders / etiology*
  • Language Tests
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term / physiology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep / physiology*