Efficacy of radiant catalytic ionization to reduce bacterial populations in air and on different surfaces

Sci Total Environ. 2018 Jan 1;610-611:111-120. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.032. Epub 2017 Aug 10.

Abstract

Air contamination by biological agents is often observed in medical or veterinary facilities and industrial plants. Bioaerosols may sediment and pose the surface contamination. Microorganisms present on them may become a source of infections among humans and food contamination. This study determined the use of oxidative gases, including ozone and peroxide, generated by the Radiant Catalytic Ionization (RCI) cell for the inactivation of Acinetobacter baumannii, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella Enteritidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis, Clostridium sporogenes, Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger and Penicillium chrysogenumon in air and on different surfaces. Results showed that oxidative gases produced by the RCI cell reduced all tested microorganisms. The full elimination of studied microorganisms from the air was obtained for E. coli and C. albicans. RCI also proved to be an effective method of eliminating microbes from the examined surfaces. Regarding of the species, strains origin and the type of surface, the reduction rate ranged from 19.0% for C. albicans to over 99% for A. baumanii. For both, air and surface, the most resistant to RCI was C. sporogenes spores, for which the percentage reduction rate ranged from -2.6% to 71.2% on the surfaces and was equal 71.7% in the air.

Keywords: Air quality; Bioaerosol; Radiant catalytic ionization; Surface contamination.

MeSH terms

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • Air Ionization*
  • Air Microbiology*
  • Air Pollution / prevention & control*
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification*
  • Candida albicans
  • Disinfection / methods*
  • Fungi / isolation & purification*