CD30-positive primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) includes mycosis fungoides, anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and lymphomatoid papulosis type A. Brentuximab vedotin (BV) consists of an antibody targeting CD30 with a protease-cleavable linker to vedotin. CD30 binding allows internalization of BV inducing cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Response rates >75% with manageable adverse effects in refractory Hodgkin lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma led to accelerated approval for both. Phase II studies in CD30-expressing CTCL followed and showed similar efficacy, which was ratified in a Phase III trial of BV versus physician's choice (methotrexate or bexarotene) showing significant improved responses without increase in severe adverse effects although peripheral neuropathy is frequent. BV provides an effective targeted therapy for CD30-expressing cutaneous lymphomas and welcome addition to our anti-CTCL armory.
Keywords: ALCL; CD30; CTCL; Sezary; brentuximab vedotin; cutaneous lymphoma; large cell anaplastic; lymphoma; lymphomatoid papulosis; monoclonal antibody; mycosis fungoides.