Chronic wounds represent a major and rising health and economic burden worldwide. There is a continued search toward more effective wound therapy. We found significantly reduced microRNA-132 (miR-132) expression in human diabetic ulcers compared with normal skin wounds and also in skin wounds of leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) diabetic mice compared with wild-type mice. Local replenishment of miR-132 in the wounds of db/db mice accelerated wound closure effectively, which was accompanied by increased proliferation of wound edge keratinocytes and reduced inflammation. The pro-healing effect of miR-132 was further supported by global transcriptome analysis, which showed that several inflammation-related signaling pathways (e.g., NF-κB, NOD-like receptor, toll-like receptor, and tumor necrosis factor signaling pathways) were the top ones regulated by miR-132 in vivo. Moreover, we topically applied liposome-formulated miR-132 mimics mixed with pluronic F-127 gel on human ex vivo skin wounds, which promoted re-epithelialization. Together, our study showed the therapeutic potential of miR-132 in chronic wounds, which warrants further evaluation in controlled clinical trials.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.