Background: A frontal sinus infection, following a transsinus skull base procedure, portends potentially life-threatening complications, making surgical revision mandatory in refractory infections. The authors describe the application of the bilateral temporal myofascial flap (BTMF) as a valuable option for frontal sinus reconstruction, when pericranial or galeal-frontalis myofascial flap (GFMF) is no longer available.
Methods: A microanatomic laboratory cadaver investigation was conducted to obtain anthropometric measurements. Surgical technique is described, and intraoperative images are provided.
Results: The surgical steps of this technique and the related intraoperative images are reported. One case illustration regarding frontal sinus reconstruction following a postoperative infection, as a complication after a transsinus procedure, is reported.
Conclusion: The BTMF should be considered as a valuable option for frontal sinus reconstruction after transsinus skull base procedures when GFMF is not available.
Keywords: Frontal sinus defects; Galeal-frontalis flap; Skull base reconstruction; Temporal muscle flap; Transfrontal sinus approach.
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