Peimine Inhibits the Production of Proinflammatory Cytokines Through Regulation of the Phosphorylation of NF-κB and MAPKs in HMC-1 Cells

Pharmacogn Mag. 2017 Jul;13(Suppl 2):S359-S364. doi: 10.4103/0973-1296.210173. Epub 2017 Jul 11.

Abstract

Background: Peimine is a major biologically active component of Fritillaria ussuriensis. Peimine was investigated in chronic inflammation response, but it has not been studied in mast cell-related immediate allergic reaction. The present study aimed to evaluate anti-allergic effect of peimine in human mast cell (HMC-1).

Materials and methods: The effect of peimine on cell viability was measured by MTS assay in HMC-1. Histamine release was investigated in rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs). Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expressions were measured by ELISA assay and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) were examined by Western blot. Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reactions were evaluated using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats.

Results: Peimine inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α. Moreover, peimine reduced MAPKs phosphorylation and the nuclear NF-κB expression in PMACI-induced HMC-1. Peimine decreased PCA reactions in rats as well.

Conclusion: Our study proved that peimine might be suitable for the treatment of mast cell-derived allergic inflammatory reactions.

Summary: Peimine inhibited the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-αPeimine reduced MAPKs phosphorylation and the nuclear NF-κB expression in PMACI-induced HMC-1Peimine decreased PCA reactions in ratsPeimine has anti-allergic effect through regulation of pro-inflammatory mechanism on mast cell. Abbreviations used: HMC-1: Human mast cell, MTS: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, RPMCs: Rat peritoneal mast cells. IL-6: Interleukin 6, IL-8: Interleukin 8, TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-α, MAPKs: Mitogen-activated protein kinases; NF-κB: Nuclear factor-kappaB, PCA: Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions, SD: Sprague-Dawley.

Keywords: MAP kinases; cytokine; human mast cell (HMC-1); inflammation; nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB); peimine.