Can psychological well-being scales and hormone levels be used to predict acute performance of anaerobic training tasks in elite female volleyball players?

Physiol Behav. 2017 Oct 15;180:31-38. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.08.008. Epub 2017 Aug 12.


The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between pre-training psychological well-being assessment scales (General Health Questionnaire-28-GHQ-28, Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2-CSAI-2, Sport Competition Anxiety Test-SCAT, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S-STAI-S, Oviedo Sleep Questionnaire-OSQ and Psychological Characteristics Related to Sport Performance-PCSP), and pre-training stress hormone concentrations (cortisol-C, total testosterone-TT, free testosterone-FT, adrenocorticotropic hormone-ACTH and testosterone/cortisol-T/C ratios), on acute neuromuscular performance (ANP) in female volleyballers. Forty elite female volleyballers (27±4yrs.; 178.3±8.5cm; 67.9±7.2kg) participated. Bivariate correlations were performed between psychological assessments and hormone levels with ANP. All psychological scales presented at least one significant (p<0.05) relationship or prediction of ANP. Contrastingly, among hormones, the only significant relationship was between TT/C ratio and Overhead Medicine Ball Throw (r=0.34; p<0.05). Therefore, our data shows that results of general and sport-specific psychological well-being scales prior to training are more consistently related to performance in elite female volleyballers than pre-training stress hormone concentrations.

Keywords: Anxiety; Hormones; Jump; Speed; Stress; Volleyball.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / metabolism
  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Anxiety / metabolism
  • Anxiety / physiopathology
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Athletic Performance / physiology*
  • Female
  • Hormones / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / metabolism
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Psychological Tests
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Testosterone / metabolism
  • Volleyball / physiology*
  • Volleyball / psychology*
  • Young Adult


  • Hormones
  • Testosterone
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Hydrocortisone