Community Partners in Care: 6-Month Outcomes of Two Quality Improvement Depression Care Interventions in Male Participants

Ethn Dis. 2017 Jul 20;27(3):223-232. doi: 10.18865/ed.27.3.223. eCollection 2017 Summer.


Objective: Limited data exist on approaches to improve depression services for men in under-resourced communities. This article explores this issue using a sub-analysis of male participants in Community Partners in Care (CPIC).

Design: Community partnered, cluster, randomized trial.

Setting: Hollywood-Metropolitan and South Los Angeles, California.

Participants: 423 adult male clients with modified depression (PHQ-8 score≥10).

Interventions: Depression collaborative care implementation using community engagement and planning (CEP) across programs compared with the more-traditional individual program, technical assistance (Resources for Services, RS).

Main outcome measures: Depressive symptoms (PHQ-8 score), mental health-related quality of life (MHRQL), mental wellness, services utilization and settings.

Results: At screening, levels of probable depression were moderate to high (17.5%-47.1%) among men across services sectors. Intervention effects on primary outcomes (PHQ-8 score and MHRQL) did not differ. Men in CEP compared with RS had improved mental wellness (OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.00-3.42) and reduced hospitalizations (OR .40, 95% CI .16-.98), with fewer mental health specialty medication visits (IRR 0.33, 95% CI .15-.69), and a trend toward greater faith-based depression visits (IRR 2.89, 95% CI .99-8.45).

Conclusions: Exploratory sub-analyses suggest that high rates of mainly minority men in under-resourced communities have high prevalence of depression. A multi-sector coalition approach may hold promise for improving community-prioritized outcomes, such as mental wellness and reduced hospitalizations for men, meriting further development of this approach for future research and program design.

Keywords: Collaborative Care; Community-based Participatory Research; Depression; Mental Health.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Community Mental Health Services / trends*
  • Depression / ethnology
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Ethnicity*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Los Angeles / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Mental Health*
  • Middle Aged
  • Minority Groups
  • Prevalence
  • Quality Improvement*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Time Factors