The aim of this study was to compare the interproximal papilla stability of restorations supported by computer-aided design/computer-assisted manufacture (CAD/CAM) abutments to those supported by prefabricated stock abutments in anterior areas over a 2-year follow-up. Abutments were selected depending on implant inclination and thickness of buccal peri-implant soft tissues from the following: zirconia stock, titanium stock, zirconia CAD/CAM and titanium CAD/CAM. Differences between the height of the papilla tip were measured (REC).
Results: REC values of titanium and zirconia CAD/CAM abutments were significantly lower than those of titanium and zirconia stock. The use of titanium and zirconia CAD/CAM abutments is related to better interproximal papillae stability.